Tooth Colored Fillings

Bacteria present in the oral cavity is the causative factor for dental caries or tooth decay. They act on the food and produce acids that are strong enough to erode the enamel of the teeth. This leads to the development of cavity or decay of the mineralized structures of the teeth.

Why decayed tooth needs to be filled?

Decayed teeth should be filled at the earliest. The innermost layer - pulp - of the tooth contains blood vessels and nerves. Once the decay reaches the pulp, you will develop severe toothache. It may also cause swelling in relation to that tooth. All these necessitate elaborate treatment procedures like implants or root canal treatment and dental crowns to save the tooth. The only other option is removal of the tooth.

So it is extremely important to prevent the progression of decay from reaching the pulp tissue. If you fill the tooth at an early stage, your teeth can be restored to the normal state with minimal expense.

Now, how to choose the material to be used to fill the teeth?

The dark amalgam fillings were used, and are still being used to restore the posterior teeth. The dark fillings are not suitable for the front teeth. However, the main disadvantage of amalgam is the presence of mercury, even though in very small amount. Another drawback of amalgam is that it does not bond with the tooth structure. Hence, extensive drilling of the tooth is required to give a successful amalgam restoration. This may lead to cracks and fractures of the teeth later.

tooth colored filling

Tooth colored fillings emerged as the widely accepted fillings recently. They offer good aesthetic quality and bond nicely with the tooth structure. Above all, the amount of tooth material to be removed is minimal. This conservative approach preserves most of the tooth structure.

Tooth colored filling is the best option to restore anterior teeth (front teeth).

How is the procedure to fill a tooth?

Tooth filling is a procedure which is not generally done under local anesthesia. However, for sensitive patients, local anesthesia will be administered to eliminate the slightest discomfort. The dentist removes the decayed portion of the teeth and fills the cavity with tooth colored filling in layers. The fillings will become hardened by the application of light. The filling will be barely detectable from the tooth and functions well.

composite filling

In case of extensive decay and loss of tooth structure, indirect tooth colored fillings need to be fabricated in the lab before restoring the tooth.




Tooth colored Fillings for Children

pit and fissue sealant

Different kinds of tooth colored fillings are given to children depending on the type and extent of the cavity, and the tooth involved. For the prevention of caries, sealants can be applied to the deep pits and fissures of permanent teeth. This is an excellent method of prevention of caries in susceptible children.